Provisions, including provisions for off-balance sheet commitments, are recognized in the balance sheet when the Group has a legal or constructive obligation (common law) as a result of past events, as well as when it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. If the effect is material, the amount of provision is measured by discounted, expected cash flows using pre-tax rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and those risks specific to the liability.
This is also applicable for the recognition of provisions for risk-bearing off-balance sheet commitments including guarantees, letters of credit and irrevocable unused credit lines.
Provisions for the irrevocable unused credit lines for corporate exposures are formed and recognised together with impairment losses for credit receivables.
The Group establishes provisions for restructuring costs only on condition that the general criteria of recognising provisions under IAS 37 be fulfilled and in particular but not limited to the situation when the Group is in possession of the specific, formal restructuring plan determining at least the operations or a part thereof, basic locations, place of employment, the functions and estimated number of employees entitled to compensation, the expenditure to be undertaken and the term of execution. The commencement of restructuring procedure or the public announcement thereof is the condition indispensable for establishing the provision. The established provisions comprise only the direct and necessary expenditures to be undertaken due to the restructuring procedure, which are not related to the current business operations nor cover the future operating costs.
The Group maintains the detailed record of court cases and other amounts due of legal claims nature. Potential future settlements will be recognised under established provisions.
The Group recognises the provisions for all estimated losses. In certain justified cases, despite the fact that the Group is entitled to reimburse the funds due to the provisions established, because of the uncertainty whether the expected economic benefits be earned or not, the Group may decide not to recognise the assets there under in the financial statements.
In 2012, the Group adjusted valuation of derivatives. The modification is to reflect the changing market derivative pricing standard following the practice of hedging transactions on deposits placed to the amounts approximating their present market value and considering their funding costs.